Camouflagegrouper
  • Epinephelus polyphekadion
  • EnglishName: Camouflagegrouper
  • Local Name : Kula faana
  • Size : Common to 40 cm; max. 75 cm
  • Family: Order : Specimen
  • Distinctive Characters: Dorsal fin with 11 spines and 14-15 rays. Anal fin with 3 spines and 8 rays. Pectoral fin with 18-19 rays. Body depth 2.7-3.1 in standard length. Dorsal head profile smoothly convex. Inter- orbital area flat. Mid-lateral body scales mostly ctenoid, not covered by skin. Rear nostril diameter about twice diameter of front nostrils. Caudal fin rounded. Colour: Mottled brown, covered with small dark spots. Head and body with fairly distinct dark blotches, blotch on top of caudal peduncle brownish-black and conspicuous.
  • Habitat and Biology: Occurs in clear water on coral reefs, either in lagoons or on outer reefs to depths of 50 m. Feeds mostly on benthic crustaceans such as crabs, sometimes on fishes, squid and snails.
  • Distribution: Indo-West Pacific.
  • Remarks: Epinephelus polyphekadion is easily confused with E. fuscoguttatus. It can, however, be distinguished on the basis of lower gillraker and pectoral ray counts.