Coral hind, Vermilion seabass
  • Cephalopholis miniata
  • English Name : Coral hind, Vermilion seabass
    • Local Name : Koveli faana, Bulhala faana
  • Size : Max. 40 cm
  • Family : Order : Specimen
  • Distinctive Characters: Dorsal fin with 9 spines and 14-16 rays. Anal fin with 3 spines and 9 rays. Pectoral fin with 17-18 rays. Body depth 2.6-3.0 in standard length. Maxilla scaly reaches to or beyond vertical at rear edge of orbit. Preopercle rounded; the lower edge fleshy. Caudal and anal fins rounded.
  • Colour: Bright-orange red with numerous small blue spots covering most of the body, but not underside of jaw. Pectoral fins yellow-orange distally.
  • Habitat and Biology: Found on well-developed exposed coral reefs in clear water at depths of 2-150 m. Feeds on schooling fishes and benthic invertebrates.
  • Distribution: Indo-Pacific.
  • Remarks: Cephalopholis miniata is one of the commonest and most beautiful of the coral groupers. Like C. argus, it is frequently seen by divers and snorkellers along the upper reef slopes.