Brown-marbled grouper
  • Epinephelus fuscoguttatus
  • English Name : Brown-marbled grouper
  • Local Name : Kas faana
  • Size : Common to 70 cm; max. 95 cm
  • Family : Order : Specimen :
  • Distinctive Characters: Dorsal fin with 11 spines and 14-15 rays. Anal fin with 3 spines and 8 rays. Pectoral fin with 18-20 rays. Body depth 2.6-2.9 in standard length. Total gill rakers 29 to 31. Lateral line scales 53 to 58. Preopercle finely serrate. Caudal fin rounded. Colour: Mottled brown. Many small dark spots on body and fins and large irregular dark blotches on head and body. Dark saddle on caudal peduncle. Jaws and chin with transverse pale bands.
  • Habitat and Biology: Occurs on shallow coral reefs to depths of 60 m. Adults often in caves. Juveniles are sometimes found in seagrass areas. Feeds on fishes, crustaceans and cephalopods.
  • Distribution: Indo-Pacific.
  • Remarks: Epinephelus fuscoguttatus is often confused with E. polyphekadion (previously known as E. microdon), which has fewer pectoral fin rays (16 or 17), smooth convex dorsal head profile, interspinous dorsal fin membranes less deeply incised, and a less reddy-brown colouration.