Distinctive Characters: Dorsal fin with 10 spines and 12 rays. Anal fin with 3 spines and 8 rays. Pectoral fin with 15 or 16 rays. Body depth 3.3-3.8 in standard length. Body elongate and robust. Interorbital space broad. Lower jaw slightly protruding. Pectoral fins long, reaching level of anus.
Colour: Sides and back red-brown with blue flecks (silvery when first caught). Margins of dorsal and caudal fins distinctive rusty orange.
Habitat and Biology: Occurs over rocky bottoms at depths between 90 and 360 m. Moves to the upper portion of its depth range at night to feed on small fishes and crustaceans.
Remarks: Until recently Pristipomoides filamentosus appeared to be rare in Maldives, but this was a result of its deep dwelling habits. Fishermen have in the last couple of years started deep handlining outside the atolls; as a result this species and other deep living fishes now appear fairly regularly in Male�? fish market. The two specimens on which this report is based were caught by longline in about 150 to 200 m depth outside K. Makunudhoo.