Distinctive Characters: Dorsal fin with 10 spines and 15 (rarely 14) rays. Anal fin with 3 spines and 12 (rarely 11) rays. Body depth 3.4-4.0 in standard length. An elongate, fusiform and compressed fish. Maxillary extended below the front border of eye. Eye moderately large. Pectoral fin equal to the head length without snout. Bases of dorsal and anal fin covered with scales.
Colour: Bluish dorsally. Sides with a yellow band just below lateral line anteriorly running from the eye to the caudal fin base. Fins yellowish. Caudal fin lobes black.
Habitat and Biology: Inhabits shallow waters, rocky and coral reef areas. Feeds on zooplankton in large midwater aggregations.
Distribution: Indo-West Pacific.
Remarks: Pterocaesio chrysozona, along with several others species of fusiliers, are used as juveniles as livebait in the pole and line tuna fishery. It has been estimated that roughly 2000 t of “muguraan�? (fusiliers) are used annually as livebait in the Maldives.