Distinctive Characters: Dorsal fin with 11 spines and 16-17 rays. Anal fin with 3 spines and 8 rays. Pectoral fin with 17-19 rays. Body depth 2.8-3.3 in standard length. Ventral edge of maxilla with a “step�? in subadults. Preopercle rounded with a slight notch, below which serrae enlarged. Third or fourth dorsal spine longer than the longest dorsal soft ray. Caudal fin rounded. Colour: Pale brown. Covered with medium sized dark reddish spots. These are more abundant and elongated posteriorly. Pectoral and pelvic fins dusky, with a few small dark spots.
Habitat and Biology: Usually found on coral reefs or rocky areas and occasionally on sandy bottom at depths of up to 70 m. Feeds mainly on crustaceans and rarely on fish and squids.
Distribution: Indian Ocean and Indonesia.
Remarks: Epinephelus longispinis is rather easy to identify because of its very distinctive streaky spotting.